KEY TO THE IDENTIFICATION OF POPULAR CHESTNUTS

COMPILED FROM INFORMATION SUPPLIED IN THE AUSTRALIAN CHESTNUT GROWERS’ RESOURCE MANUAL

HELIUM SIZE	<10 mm			GO TO 1.
HELIUM SIZE	10 to 20 mm		GO TO 2.
HELIUM SIZE	20 to 30 mm		GO TO 3.


1. HELIUM SIZE <10 mm
	NUT SHAPE IS OVOID		 

		“THOMPSON”
		{STRIPED YES.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): <10.....COLOUR: MID TAN..SHAPE:
		OVOID.....SHELL SURFACE: RIDGED SMALL:10% .....MEDIUM: 40% 
		.....STANDARD: 40% .....LARGE: 10% .....HARVEST PERIOD MID SEASON } 

	NUT SHAPE IS GLOBOSE 

		SHELL SURFACE IS SMOOTH			“MORENA"
			{STRIPED SLIGHT.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): <10.....COLOUR: MID  TAN
			....SHAPE: GLOBOSE....SHELL SURFACE: SMOOTH .....MEDIUM: 21% 
			.....STANDARD: 57% .....LARGE: 22% .....HARVEST PERIOD:
			 EARLY SEASON 

		SHELL SURFACE IS SLIGHTLY.RIDGED	"GOLDEN SEEDLING”
			{STRIPED YES.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): <10.....COLOUR: GOLDEN 
			BROWN.....SHAPE: GLOBOSE.....SHELL SURFACE: SLI.RIDGED
			.....MEDIUM: 50% .....STANDARD: 25% .....LARGE: 25% ....HARVEST
			PERIOD: MID SEASON 

		SHELL SURFACE IS RIDGED
			LATE SEASON, GENERALLY MEDIUM COLOUR MID DARK TAN
					“LATE MARONE”
				{STRIPED: YES.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): <10.....COLOUR: 
				MID DARK TAN.....SHAPE: GLOBOSE.....SHELL SURFACE: 
				RIDGED .....SMALL: 19% .....MEDIUM: 66% .....STANDARD: 15% 
				..........HARVEST PERIOD: LATE SEASON}
				Very attractive, mid-brown, clean nuts, striped, small helium.
 
			MID SEASON, GENERALLY STANDARD COLOUR MID BROWN
					“TYPE 2”
				{STRIPED: YES .....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): <10 .....COLOUR: DARK 
				RED TAN.....SHAPE: GLOBOSE.....SHELL SURFACE: RIDGED
				.....MEDIUM: 30% .....STANDARD: 60% .....LARGE: 10%
				.....HARVEST PERIOD: MID SEASON}

2.HELIUM SIZE  10 to 20 mm
	NUT SHAPE IS BROAD. ELLIPSOID  

		EARLY SEASON HARVEST AND SMOOTH SHELL	“MULLION RANGE”
			{STRIPED: SLIGHT.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): 10 to 20 .....COLOUR: RICH 
			DARK TAN.....SHAPE: BRO. ELLIPSOID.....SHELL SURFACE: 	SMOOTH	
			.....STANDARD: 50% .....LARGE: 50% .....HARVEST PERIOD: EARLY 
			SEASON}

		MID SEASON HARVEST AND SHELL SLIGHTLY RIDGED	“RS4”
			{STRIPED: YES.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): 10 to 20.....COLOUR: MID BROWN 
			.....SHAPE: BRO. ELLIPSOID.....SHELL SURFACE: SLI.RIDGED 
			.....MEDIUM: 20% .....STANDARD: 30% .....LARGE: 50%.....HARVEST 
			PERIOD: MID SEASON

	NUT SHAPE IS BROAD. OVOID  

		SHELL SURFACE RIDGED			“De COPPI MARONE”
			{STRIPED: YES.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): 10 to 20.....COLOUR: MID TAN 
			.....SHAPE: BRO. OVOID.....SHELL SURFACE:RIDGED.....MEDIUM: 20% 
			.....STANDARD: 30% .....LARGE: 50%.....HARVEST PERIOD: MID SEASON}

		SHELL SURFACE SMOOTH AND NO STRIPE		“BIG RED”
			{STRIPED: NO.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): 10 to 20.....COLOUR: MID LIGHT RED 
			TAN.....SHAPE: BRO. OVOID.....SHELL SURFACE: SMOOTH
			.....STANDARD: 10% .....LARGE: 60% .....SPECIAL: 30% .....HARVEST 
			PERIOD: EARLY SEASON}

		SHELL SURFACE HAS SLIGHT STRIPE
			SIZE GENERALLY MEDIUM TO LARGE	“COLOSSAL”
				{STRIPED: SLIGHT.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): 10 to 20 .....COLOUR: 
				MID TAN.....SHAPE: BRO. OVOID .....SHELL SURFACE SMOOTH 
				.....MEDIUM: 36% .....STANDARD: 40% .....LARGE: 24%
				 .....HARVEST PERIOD: EARLY SEASON}

			SIZE GENERALLY SMALL TO LARGE	“WESTERN AUSTRALIA”
				{STRIPED: SLIGHT.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): 10 to 20 .....COLOUR: 
				MID TAN.....SHAPE: BRO. OVOID.....SHELL SURFACE SMOOTH 
				.....SMALL: 10% ..MEDIUM: 30% .....STANDARD: 50% 
				.....LARGE:10% ....HARVEST PERIOD: 	EARLY SEASON}

		SHELL SURFACE STRIPED			“NOXURLI”
			{STRIPED: YES.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): 10 to 20.....COLOUR: MID 
			DARK TAN.....SHAPE: BRO. OVOID.....SHELL SURFACE: SMOOTH
			.....SMALL: 7% .....MEDIUM: 34% .....STANDARD: 36% 
			.....LARGE: 23% .....HARVEST PERIOD: EARLY SEASON}
 
	NUT SHAPE IS ELLIPSOID

		SHELL SURFACE IS SLIGHTLY ROUGH		“BOGONG RED”
			{STRIPED: YES.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): 10 to 20 .....COLOUR: V. DARK 
			TAN.....SHAPE: ELLIPSOID .....SHELL SURFACE: SLI.ROUGH
			 .....MEDIUM: 30% .....STANDARD: 70% .....HARVEST PERIOD: MID 
			SEASON}

		SHELL SURFACE IS SMOOTH AND STRIPED	“EARLY MARONE”
			{STRIPED: YES.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): 10 to 20 .....COLOUR: MID 
			TAN...SHAPE: ELLIPSOID ..SHELL SURFACE: SMOOTH ......MEDIUM: 28% 
			.....STANDARD: 53% .....LARGE: 19% ....HARVEST PERIOD: EARLY 
			SEASON}

		SHELL SURFACE IS SMOOTH AND SLIGHTLY STRIPED	“WANDENBURG”
			{STRIPED: SLIGHT.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): 10 to 20.....COLOUR: LIGHT 
			TAN.....SHAPE: ELLIPSOID.....SHELL SURFACE: SMOOTH  ...MEDIUM:10% 
			.....STANDARD: 20% .....LARGE: 50% .....SPECIAL: 20%.....HARVEST 
			PERIOD: EARLY SEASON}

	NUT SHAPE IS GLOBOSE 

		SHELL RIDGED	“SWORD”
			{STRIPED: YES.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): 10 to 20.....COLOUR: DARK TAN 
			.....SHAPE: GLOBOSE. ....SHELL SURFACE: RIDGED .....SMALL:6% 
			.....MEDIUM: 18% .....STANDARD: 38% .....LARGE: 34% .....SPECIAL: 4%
			HARVEST PERIOD: MID SEASON}
			Small helium, high sheen, mid chestnut colour

		SHELL SLIGHTLY  ROUGH	“APRIL GOLD”
			{STRIPED: YES.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): 10 to 20.....COLOUR: DARK TAN 
			.....SHAPE: GLOBOSE .....SHELL SURFACE: SLI.ROUGH 
			......STANDARD: 40% .....LARGE: 60%..........HARVEST PERIOD: MID 
			SEASON}
			Helium — mod to large, symmetry — lopsided, glossy. It is  reported to
			be a heavy  bearer and has a high sheen.

		SHELL NOT STRIPED 		“RED SPANISH”
			{STRIPED: NO.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): 10 to 20.....COLOUR: DARK 
			BROWN.....SHAPE: GLOBOSE.....SHELL SURFACE: SMOOTH 
			.....STANDARD: 15% .....LARGE: 80% .....SPECIAL: 5% .....HARVEST 
			PERIOD: MID SEASON}
			Mid-tan, shiny, medium to large helium.

		GENERALLY STANDARD TO LARGE		“KING OF THE VALLEY”
			{STRIPED: YES.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): 10 to 20 .....COLOUR: DARK 
			TAN.....SHAPE: GLOBOSE .....SHELL SURFACE: SLI.RIDGED 
			.....SMALL: 10% .....MEDIUM: 20%.....STANDARD: 30% .....LARGE: 35% 
			.....SPECIAL: 5% .....HARVEST PERIOD: LATE SEASON}
			Rich dark, medium to large helium, high sheen, attractive.

		GENERALLY LARGE TO SPECIAL		“LUCENTI”
			{STRIPED: YES.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): 10 to 20.....COLOUR: DARK 
			TAN.....SHAPE: GLOBOSE .....SHELL SURFACE:SLI.RIDGED 
			....STANDARD: 10% ..LARGE: 50%.....SPECIAL: 40% .....HARVEST 
			PERIOD: LATE SEASON}
			Attractive, shiny,  small helium.

		GENERALLY MEDIUM				“ROSA”
			{STRIPED: YES.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): 10 to 20.....COLOUR: MID DARK 
			BROWN .....SHAPE: GLOBOSE.....SHELL SURFACE: SMOOTH 
			....SMALL:23%.....MEDIUM: 68% .....STANDARD: 8% ....LARGE: 1% 
			HARVEST PERIOD: LATE SEASON}
			Extremely attractive, very vigorous tree, tending towards light
			bearing, slightly darker than an average chestnut colour

		COLOUR	DARK TAN	“MID MARONE”
			{STRIPED: YES.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): 10 to 20.....COLOUR: DARK 
			TAN.....SHAPE: GLOBOSE .....SHELL SURFACE: SMOOTH......MEDIUM: 56%  
			.....STANDARD: 43% .....LARGE: 1%.....HARVEST PERIOD: LATE SEASON}
			Shiny, attractive, chocolate brown, medium helium.

		COLOUR	MID DARK TAN 	“BARTON”
			{STRIPED: YES.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): 10 to 20.....COLOUR: MID DARK 
			TAN.....SHAPE: GLOBOSE..... SHELL SURFACE: SMOOTH 
			.....MEDIUM: 50%.....STANDARD: 35%.....LARGE: 15%.....HARVEST 
			PERIOD: MID SEASON}
			Shiny when fresh, reddish-mid chestnut colour.

	NUT SHAPE IS OVOID

		GENERALLY STANDARD TO LARGE DARK TAN	“BUFFALO QUEEN”
			{STRIPED: YES.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): 10 to 20.....COLOUR: 	DARK 
			TAN.....SHAPE: OVOID.....SHELL SURFACE: SLI.RIDGED .....SMALL: 12% 
			.....MEDIUM: 46% .....STANDARD: 32% .....LARGE: 10%.....HARVEST 
			PERIOD: EARLY SEASON}

		GENERALLY STANDARD TO LARGE MID BROWN		“W2”
			{STRIPED: YES.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): 10 to 20.....COLOUR MID 
			BROWN.....SHAPE: OVOID.....SHELL SURFACE: SMOOTH .....SMALL: 10% 
			.....MEDIUM: 18% .....STANDARD: 37% .....LARGE: 35%  ....HARVEST 
			PERIOD: EARLY SEASON}

3. HELLIUM SIZE (mm): 20 to 30

		NUT SHAPE IS GLOBOSE

	SHELL SURFACE RIDGED	“WANDI WONDER”
		{STRIPED: YES.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): 20 to 30.....COLOUR: MID  DARK 
		TAN.....SHAPE: GLOBOSE. ....SHELL SURFACE: RIDGED..... MEDIUM:3% 
		.....STANDARD: 55% .....LARGE: 42%..........HARVEST PERIOD: LATE SEASON}
		Shiny light colour with medium to large helium.

	SHELL NOT STRIPED		“MENZIES”
		{STRIPED: NO.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): 20 to 30.....COLOUR: MID BROWN.....SHAPE: 
		GLOBOSE .....SHELL SURFACE: SMOOTH ......STANDARD: 10% .....LARGE: 50% 
		.....SPECIAL:40% .....HARVEST PERIOD: MID SEASON}
		Light tan, low sheen, large helium

	SHELL SLIGHTLY STRIPED

		COLOUR DARK BROWN 	“BARTLETT”
			{STRIPED: SLIGHT.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): 20 to 30.....COLOUR: DARK 
			BROWN.....SHAPE: GLOBOSE .....SHELL SURFACE SMOOTH 
			.....LARGE: 55% .....SPECIAL: 45% .....HARVEST PERIOD: MID SEASON}

		COLOUR MID TAN	“PURTONS PRIDE”
			{STRIPED: SLIGHT.....HELLIUM SIZE (mm): 20 to 30.....COLOUR: MID 
			TAN.....SHAPE: GLOBOSE .....SHELL SURFACE SMOOTH
			.....STANDARD: 10% .....LARGE: 65%..... SPECIAL: 25% .....HARVEST 
			PERIOD: MID SEASON}
			Excellent, light tan colour, very large helium